[Art. 1] CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 3
The Senate shall chose their other Officers, and also a President pro
tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the
Office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When
sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the
President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside:
And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds
of the Members present.
Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to
removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of
honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the party convicted
shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and
Punishment, according to Law.
SECTION 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for
Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the
Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or
alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meet-
ing shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law
appoint a different Day. 1
SECTION 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns
and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall con-
stitute a Quorum to do Business; but a small Number may adjourn from
day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent
Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may
Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its
Members for disorderly Behavior, and with the Concurrence of two thirds,
expel a Member.
Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to
time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment
require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House
on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered
on the Journal.
Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Con-
sent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place
than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
SECTION 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compen-
sation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the
Treasury of the United States. They shall in all Cases, except Treason,
Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their
Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and
returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House,
they shall not be questioned in any other place.
No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was
elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United
States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall
have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Office
under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his
Continuance in Office.
1 This provision amended by the twentieth amendment, section 2, p, 17.